What Is Invoice Financing?
Invoice financing is a type of business loan that’s made based on the value of your outstanding invoices. Lenders who offer invoice financing for small business typically don’t loan the full amount of the invoices, but they do loan a large percentage of their value, helping business owners get enough money to keep their business going until the customers pay their bills. This financing method is more commonly used by B2B companies rather than companies that deal with individuals.
Invoice Financing vs. Invoice Factoring
Invoice financing and invoice factoring are two similar types of business financing, but they aren’t exactly the same. With invoice factoring, your outstanding invoices are sold at a discount to a third party known as a factor. The factor then becomes responsible for collecting payment from your customers. Once the factor is paid by your customers, the factor pays you back the difference between the amount they advanced you and the full value of the invoices, minus a factoring fee.
If you choose invoice financing for your small business, your outstanding invoices are simply used as collateral for a loan. Your customers still pay you as they normally would and you repay the financing company according to your agreed-upon schedule until the amount of the loan has been paid off, plus any applicable fees.
Pros and Cons of Invoice Financing for Small Business
In the case of invoice financing, the invoices themselves serve as collateral so there is no need to provide any other types of assets to secure the funding. This can be particularly helpful to smaller businesses that do not own major assets.
Invoice financing is much faster and easier to apply for than regular business loans, so it can provide you with some extra working capital without having to deal with long applications or having to wait a long time to find out if you’ve been approved. The approval process for small business invoice financing is usually completed in a matter of days, not weeks or months.
Invoice factoring can also be an option for newer businesses and businesses that don’t have ideal credit scores since lenders focus more on your invoices and your customers and less on your credit score.
Although lenders typically don’t advance the full value of your outstanding invoices, they generally finance a large percentage of their value, often as high as 80% or 90%.
Since invoice factoring is a type of short-term financing, interest rates can be higher than they would be with a more long-term business loan.
Not all types of invoices may be eligible for financing. Generally, lenders who offer it will only be interested in financing invoices issued to other businesses, not individuals.
Applying for Invoice Financing
When you apply for invoice financing you can expect to be asked to provide:
- The invoices you want to finance
- Past bank statements
- A copy of your driver’s license or other government-issued identification
- A voided business check